Medicaid Crisis Planning in Virginia Beach

Medicaid planning is critical when there is a need for long-term care. For example, consider an elderly couple where one spouse requires nursing home care subsequent to a stroke, but the couple’s assets are above the Medicaid eligibility threshold. Medicaid planning can help them restructure their finances to qualify for Medicaid while still maintaining a quality of life for the healthy spouse. Another scenario might involve a middle-aged individual diagnosed with a debilitating illness, facing the prospect of long-term medical care. Without sufficient insurance or personal savings to cover the steep costs, Medicaid planning can offer a pathway to access necessary care without completely depleting their life savings. Additionally, families with a child with special needs may use Medicaid planning to ensure their child remains eligible for crucial Medicaid services as they transition into adulthood and potentially outlive their parents’ financial support. In each of these cases, Medicaid planning is a strategic approach to managing financial resources and healthcare needs, ensuring that individuals and families can access essential long-term care services without facing financial ruin.

Oftentimes long-term care may come on suddenly, such as after an accident or significant medical event, such as a stroke. When this happens, you should consider Medicaid crisis planning. Our skilled attorneys can guide you through the complexities of Medicaid crisis planning in Virginia Beach.

Where Can Someone Receive Long-Term Care Services?

Most people want to remain in their own homes. In-home care services can range from part-time assistance with activities of daily living (like bathing, dressing, and meal preparation) provided by home health aides to more comprehensive, around-the-clock care. While this option allows individuals to stay in a familiar environment while receiving the necessary support, sometimes, remaining in the home just is not possible. In such scenarios, care may need to be received in a facility. Four common facilities include:

Assisted Living Facilities

These facilities offer a combination of housing, personal care services, and healthcare, designed to respond to individuals who need assistance with daily activities but do not require the intense level of care provided by nursing homes. Assisted living facilities often provide meals, medication management, bathing, dressing, transportation, and various social activities.

Nursing Homes

For individuals who require a higher level of medical care and assistance, nursing homes provide 24-hour supervised care with meals, health management, and personal care assistance. They are staffed with trained healthcare professionals and are equipped to handle more complex medical conditions that require regular attention.

Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs)

These communities offer a spectrum of care, from independent living to assisted living to skilled nursing care, all in one location. Residents can move between levels of care as needed, making it a suitable option for those seeking long-term care that can adapt to their changing needs.

Adult Day Care Centers

These facilities provide care and companionship for older adults who need assistance or supervision during the day. They offer various social, recreational, and health services, providing relief to family caregivers.

Planning for a long-term care setting in Virginia Beach will depend on the individual’s specific health needs, the level of care required, and financial considerations, including insurance coverage and eligibility for programs like Medicaid.

Funding the Cost of Care

Funding sources for long-term care are varied, and selecting the right one depends on an individual’s financial situation, healthcare needs, and personal preferences. Common ways clients pay for care include:

Personal Savings and Assets

Many individuals pay for long-term care through their own funds, which can include savings, investments, retirement accounts, and income from assets such as rental properties.

Long-Term Care Insurance

This is a specific type of insurance designed to cover the costs of long-term care services, whether provided at home or in a facility like a nursing home or assisted living facility. Policies vary in terms of coverage, benefits, and cost, and should be purchased before health issues arise that might necessitate long-term care.


Medicare, the federal health insurance program for people aged 65 and older, provides limited coverage for long-term care. It typically covers short-term stays in a nursing home for rehabilitation after a hospital stay, some home health care services, and hospice care, but it does not cover custodial care, which is the most common type of long-term care.


For those with limited income and assets, Medicaid, a state and federally funded program, can be a key resource. Medicaid is the largest payer of nursing home bills in America and can cover long-term care costs that are not typically covered by Medicare, including long stays in nursing homes and some home and community-based services. For those who exceed the income and asset limits, an elder law attorney can assist with developing a plan to obtain Medicaid using specific strategies authorized under the policy.

Veterans Benefits

Veterans and their spouses may be eligible for benefits through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VA offers programs that can help cover the cost of long-term care, such as the Aid and Attendance benefit and Housebound allowance.

Reverse Mortgages

For older homeowners, reverse mortgages allow them to convert part of the equity in their homes into cash, which can then be used to pay for long-term care. This option is complex and should be considered carefully, with a clear understanding of the terms and implications.

Life Insurance Conversions

Some life insurance policies can be converted into long-term care benefits or provide an accelerated death benefit that can be used to pay for long-term care needs.

Family Support

In many cases, family members contribute to the cost of long-term care, either directly paying for services or providing care themselves.

Each of these funding sources has its own set of eligibility requirements, benefits, and limitations, and they can often be used in combination to create a comprehensive plan for covering long-term care expenses in Virginia Beach. It’s advisable to consult with financial advisors or elder care specialists to understand the best options for an individual’s specific circumstances.

Medicaid Crisis Planning

Medicaid crisis planning refers to the urgent actions taken when an individual in Virginia Beach has an immediate need for long-term care services but has not previously established eligibility for Medicaid. This scenario often arises when a person requires nursing home care or other expensive medical services unexpectedly, due to an accident or sudden decline in health, and the cost is beyond their financial means.

The “crisis” aspect denotes that the individual or their family must quickly navigate Medicaid’s complex rules to rearrange finances in a way that will qualify them for benefits without violating Medicaid’s look-back period on asset transfers. The objective is to legally protect as much of the individual’s assets as possible while achieving eligibility for Medicaid to cover the looming costs of long-term care.

Given the intricate nature of Medicaid rules and the potential for penalties or denial of benefits, you should seek the advice of an elder law attorney that is experienced with Medicaid Crisis Planning.

What Does Medicaid Planning Look Like?

Medicaid is a joint federal and state program that provides health coverage to eligible low-income individuals. Each state oversees its own Medicaid program within federal guidelines. As a result, planning strategies vary from state to state. Options may include:

Asset Spend Down

This involves using excess assets over Medicaid’s limit to pay for non-countable assets, such as home improvements, a new car, or pre-paid funeral arrangements, which Medicaid does not count against eligibility.

Establishing Trusts

Certain types of trusts can be used to manage an individual’s assets in a way that they are not counted by Medicaid. Irrevocable trusts are often used because the individual no longer has direct access to the assets, which can then be excluded from the Medicaid eligibility determination.

Purchasing Annuities

Convert excess assets into an income stream by purchasing a Medicaid-compliant annuity. This can turn countable assets into a non-countable income stream for the community spouse, in cases of married couples.

Caregiver Agreements

Compensation for family members who provide caregiving services can be a legitimate spend-down strategy if done under a formal personal care agreement that is compliant with Medicaid rules.

Exempting Assets

Understanding which assets are exempt (such as a primary residence up to a certain equity value, personal belongings, one vehicle, etc.) and making sure to properly structure ownership of these assets.

Medicaid Compliant Promissory Notes

In some cases, promissory notes can be used as part of Medicaid planning if they comply with Medicaid’s requirements.

Conversion of Assets

Converting countable assets into exempt assets, such as using cash to pay off the mortgage on an exempt primary residence.

An important concept under Medicaid is the five-year look-back period. During the Medicaid application process officials review an applicant’s financial history to verify that the applicant has not transferred assets below market value to meet Medicaid eligibility requirements.

Gifting or transferring assets can be done, but it must be handled with caution due to the five-year look-back period. Any assets transferred for less than fair market value can incur a penalty period during which the individual is ineligible for Medicaid. Certain transfers, however, are not subject to this scrutiny and are excluded from the look-back period. Exempt transfers include:

  • To a spouse or a trust for the spouse’s benefit
  • To a minor or disabled child or a trust for the child’s benefit
  • To a trust solely for the benefit of a disabled person younger than age 65
  • A home to a child who has lived in the home for at least two years to care for the aging parent

Venturing into Medicaid planning without the guidance of an elder law attorney in Virginia Beach can be fraught with risks and unintended consequences. Medicaid’s rules are not only complex, but they also vary by state and are subject to change. Missteps can lead to penalties, such as periods of ineligibility, which could jeopardize access to needed care. Moreover, there may be unintended tax implications. The consequences of these actions can be financially and emotionally costly, not just for the individual requiring care, but also for their entire family. Therefore, it is highly advisable to engage an elder law attorney who specializes in Medicaid crisis planning to navigate this complex landscape, ensuring that actions taken today do not become burdensome obstacles to care and financial security in the future.

We Can Guide Medicaid Crisis Planning in Virginia Beach

Every day, people encounter situations where they can no longer live independently due to accidents at home, illnesses or disability, or other personal challenges. Facing a sudden need for long-term care can lead to a crisis, requiring immediate and strategic planning.

Assistance is available for those needing to navigate the complexities of Medicaid, especially when they have assets that exceed the eligibility thresholds. Strategies that comply with legal standards can be employed to restructure finances, thereby facilitating Medicaid qualification.

If you or a loved one is in need of urgent long-term care planning, seeking advice from knowledgeable attorneys can be a crucial step. Legal professionals with experience in Medicaid crisis planning in Virginia Beach can provide the guidance necessary to manage such a challenging situation effectively. Contact us to learn more.

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Parks Zeigler, PLLC – Attorneys At Law

Parks Zeigler, PLLC – Attorneys At Law N/a
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