What is a Civil Case?
Civil disputes are about compensation for harm caused by one person (or company) to another person. Whereas criminal law deals with legal punishment for certain kinds of offenses, civil cases are about repairing the damages caused to a person because of the fault of another. They are, in the Constitution’s phrasing, “suits between man and man.” Civil cases can arise from accidents of various kinds, e.g. contract disputes, defamation, and property disputes. They do not involve prosecutors. Rather, the parties represent themselves before a judge or jury with, or without, the help of an attorney. Even though it is not required that a civil plaintiff or defendant has an attorney, it is almost always advisable to do so, as civil cases can be complex, and the stakes can be high.